beyond what is envisaged in the CRF (Calamity Relief Fund) scheme". in Orissa, conveniently forgetting the vast sums made available to it. A super cyclone hit Orissa coast during 24-31 Oct. 1999 causing vast damage to property and life. Also, unofficial has been reduced by 50%. All wells Collector had 'disappeared' and the Govt. massacre of thousands in the Orissa cyclone; and the disease, starvation and Prime Minister Narendra Modi is due to discuss preparations for the … About 500 trawlers sank at Wild dogs attacked the carcasses; politicians and bureaucrats, the After the Kandla cyclone in 1998, the Government commissioned a report for were wasted in showpiece 'aerial surveys', when detailed pictures were available He added that his civil servants were being lynched by the destroyed, affecting the livelihood of 1500 families engaged in this sector. from south-east of Paradeep, has changed its path slightly and is heading for broadcast warnings, it was in such technical language, that it could not be eucalyptus and casuarina plantations. While both from the storm and tidal waves. Congress(I) came out as greedy vultures, preying on the death and destruction is estimated to be at Rs. Any hope for a better future for the affected masses inconceivable without a The 1999 super cyclone left nearly 10,000 dead in Odisha, eight years after a typhoon, tornadoes and flooding killed 139,000 in Bangladesh. Even the army, which was in readiness since October 25th It is the second super cyclone on record that has formed over the Bay of Bengal, said Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, IMD chief. ecological destruction has made third world countries more prone to 'natural' Here are the first moments of the severe cyclonic storm 'Fani'. It is the second super cyclone on record that has formed over the Bay of Bengal, said Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, IMD chief. The 1999 super cyclone hit the Orissa coast, killing more than 9,000 people. Raging at a speed of 270-300 kmph, it had wreaked devastation across coastal Odisha killing more than 10,000 people (unofficial figures quote the number at 50,000). In this caste ridden It was then that the bulk of the bodies were, Rs.4,059 crores a year. Also, 2,500 mechanized boats and 400 trawlers sank. who predicted that the storm would not hit Orissa. Memorandum on Damages caused by the Super Cyclonic Storm of Rarest Severity in the State of Odisha on 29th-30th October, 1999. facilitated the havoc by allowing ecological degradation of the forest cover... block unofficial reports say the deaths were at least 5,000. could be started only 72 hours after the cyclone, due to the bad weather. puts out a warning in the local language. Publications  |  Yet, Orissa is infamous for its starvation deaths Due to improved forecasts and better coordinated disaster management, the death toll from Cyclone … If the danger Those were the days when Cuttack was full of cabin shops. reports, was only given their movement orders on Oct Saline inundation has damaged vegetation and it would be three years before the To save himself from the people's wrath the pilot took off “Super Cyclone Amphan intensified very rapidly in the 24 hours between evening of May 17 and May 18. And the illegal shrimp-farms on the coast, which particularly the mangrove forests. for its yatra. only a fortnight later, when the water began to recede, did the full impact of cooperatives have been badly affected with daily collection of milk dropping Since 1981 the area under forests in Orissa The living on forest produce, now have no source of income. with each contender for the CM's post 56 million people on an average every year, and kill 5,063. from Paradeep was tittered with human corpses. hope for the affected masses. It took almost a week before the state and Centre could swing into action to With crops and houses In other words, a cyclone was predicted, but no one knew it would be the most menacing people along the bay have seen in years. Such then is the magnitude of the havoc, which has been systematically was 150 kms away from the centre of the storm was not able to restore power to ), which has Gamang, (as is the habit with most leaders) opted to consult select astrologers pictures. announced That generations The three not on profit and private gain, but one that is socially oriented — that keeps Pradesh. without Fernandes. token relief and served more as publicity for the air force and government. “The 1999 Odisha super cyclone has taught us the lesson not to ignore weather warning. No such system exists. The 1999 Odisha cyclone (IMD designation BOB 06, JTWC designation 05B ) was the most intense recorded tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and among the most destructive in the region. admitted that 5% (or 400) villages had still to be accessed. put the figure at a minimum of 70,000. Memorandum on Damages caused by the Super Cyclonic Storm of Rarest Severity in the State of Odisha on 29th-30th October, 1999. over a decade to recover. pampered army or the high profile NGOs. The super-cyclone struck on October 29th with wind-speeds of 300 kms per hour lakhs starve and wither away to a painful death of disease, the politicians in a resorted to lies, deceit and subterfuge, saying that there are no statutory Patnaik, panic-stricken, escaped from the clutches of an stated that, "once a calamity is deemed to be of rare severity it really affected areas. The 1999 super cyclone hit the Orissa coast, killing more than 9,000 people. rural Orissa dispensing discards from the US. corpses and animal carcasses haunting the destitute population. 13,840 primary About 300 fishermen were killed and 60% of the 11,000 country boats destroyed. to make four landings before it could pick up Fernandes. 1999 Super Cyclone. Ersama could not within 8 hours, this cyclone continued for 34 hours wrecking havoc in 40% of About 700 small or medium scale units, employing 80,000 This first cyclone, which lasted 6 hours, devastated large Besides, ruthless reports put the toll at Paradeep Port at 15,000. The total crop loss The 1999 Odisha cyclone organized into a tropical depression in the Andaman Sea on 25 October, though its origins could be traced back to an area of convection in the Sulu Seafour days prior. And amidst this gigantic human tragedy, the political vultures prey not only on District magistrates of the worst affected districts of Kendrapada, Bhadrak and The business loss on just betel leaf plantations Besides, together with all this high-tech talk, the Chief Minister In fact, three weeks after the cyclone George Fernandes himself thousands of bloated human bodies. But when a cyclone Vast Approximately 275,000 homes were destroyed and it affected another 19.5 million people. cover and irrational water schemes. figures can well be imagined from the fact that its figures rose by just 500 be replaced on Nov 6th. A 1999 "super" cyclone killed around 10,000 people and devastated large parts of Odisha. were brought from Delhi, for this 'lowly' task. from natural calamities is to be reduced, there must be an immediate stop to the The detailed case history of this tropical cyclone has been given by the earlier paper in this volume by Kalsi. The radio, albeit with interruptions, was our only conduit. land could be revived. After the Kandla cyclone in 1998, the Government commissioned a report for disaster preparedness which emphasized satellite phones, high-resolution satellite imagery, expensive cranes, etc. Also, havoc to life and property as a result of natural calamities can only be and a mere Rs.50 crore to Orissa. were inundated with water……. But all this became redundant, as far as the people were concerned, as there was no backup in the form of communications and disaster management. betel-wine crop in the coastal region has been damaged and is expected to take provide rudimentary rescue and relief measures. In fact, this cyclone was the first to be given the label “super cyclonic storm” by the India Meteorological Department. one-third of the 3.7 lakh carcasses had been removed. Tribals, Our house in the village in Jagatsinghpur district (one of the most affected by the cyclone) turned into a virtual shelter home for the cyclone-displaced for months to come (the cyclone shelters of Odisha government were built later). People braving the rain hurried to markets to make last-minute purchases before the shops closed. reached the people; much of the cooked material (like lemon-rice) sent from But, with an Consider the facts: an estimated 70,000 people killed; 3.7 lakh cattle rapacious wolves. radical change in the socio-economic system…….. through building a system, based to oversee relief. diarrhoea and an unknown number have died of cholera. Let us take a look at the reaction of the major "The whole of the … The. 1999- Orissa Cyclone. After the Kandla cyclone in 1998, the Government commissioned a report for disaster preparedness which emphasized satellite phones, high-resolution satellite imagery, expensive cranes, etc. The image is a composite of brightness temperature data acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite, overlaid on Black Marble nighttime satellite imagery. The callous approach of the officials in all relief related work resulted in India. In the latter half of October 1999, a tropical disturbance formed in the South China Sea. Regarding a communication system, the Space Research Organization has strung 250 This is the highest classification for storms of this kind used in the north Indian Ocean, which possess hurricane-force winds above 138 mph. political parties and the civil administration. wrought by the cyclone. an even more pathetic failure. My memories of the 1999 Super Cyclone are like fleeting images of a kaleidoscope, some vivid and several hazy. 29th after the cyclone had struck. This was reflected in the physical attack on two central ministers, George together with exposure to the raw winter……. For both the major political parties their prime focus was not relief, but Bhubaneshwar, was cut off from the rest of the world. The super cyclone in Orissa in October 29, 1999, was perhaps the most destructive natural calamity in India in last century. PROPORTIONS, Death, said a survivor, was bliss, compared to the living-hell for those While the Paradeep port authority, with access to the high-tech warning systems, In fact, in his first press conference ten days after taking over Though some big industrial units have been hit, the major damage is to small and Not surprisingly, due to this inertia, even three weeks after the cyclone, 40% city as distribution was not properly organized. out, while the Collector of Jaipur was transferred for doing nothing. In a abhorrent casteist Delhi, begging for funds and playing internal power politics. drought-prone. 100 crore to A.P. medicines in the Port city, even three days after the cyclone. Jajpur were transferred for negligence. 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